Cocaine is one of the most highly addictive substance ever produced. The ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens of the brain switches on when cocaine is being used. These are the areas of the brain that chronicles reward and pleasure. Dopamine gets released connecting to a receptor once a pleasurable event happens. The use of cocaine hinders the reuptake of dopamine. This causes the dopamine to accumulate in an area in the brain. This maintains the feeling of pleasure.
Drug addiction using cocaine generates an intense euphoria very quickly. This results to an individuall with very high self-esteem, energetic, and the feeling of greatly accepted socially. The person they always wanted is what cocaine brings to the an individual as users would likely to claim. They said that they do not feel drugged. With high doses, cocaine use can lead to negative behaviors such as impulsivity, compulsivity, and a high level of anxiety. After the effect of the substance wears off, a feeling of tiredness and melancholy sets in. This is then followed by a great amount of sleep. As a psychological and physiological effect, there is a powerful desire for the substance. It has been found out by numerous studies that cocaine addiction has been fueled by alcohol use and marijuana use.
The effect of cocaine wears off very fast. The cocaine user would then take cocaine regularly in sustaining the effect. This set-up is then followed by tolerance. Tolerance is defined as the drug user would yearn for larger amount of cocaine to achieve the typical effects he experiences.
Cocaine was very costly way back 1970s. Only rich individuals were able to purchase this drug. Then suddenly, cocaine’s price was reduced. Then , rich or poor was able to acquire any amount of cocaine. Currently, in the United States of America, about 11 percent of people have tried cocaine at least on one occasion in their lives. This fast reduction of cocaine’s cost lead to its pervasive use. Rich and poor have now access in using cocaine. However, regardless cocaine’s price reduction, the problem of increasing dosage is still money to pay. Most cocaine addicts are teenagers who don’t have a stable job. These teenagers resort theft or prostitution to obtain money use to purchase cocaine. This is a kind of extreme anxiety that makes an individual take on very dangerous behaviors. Studies show a high percentage of cocaine users getting HIV.
There are two set of symptoms in cocaine addiction. The first set is the so-called intoxication symptoms. Piece of intoxication symptoms are your heart beating rapidly, dilation of your pupils, nausea, elevated or lowered blood pressure, perspiring or chilling, retardation, vomiting, weight loss, chest pain, slowed breathing, muscular weakness, seizures, and changes in your behavior such as affective blunting, changes in sociability, anxiety, hypervigilance, impaired judgment, anger and interpersonal sensitivity. The second set is called withdrawal symptoms. dysphoric mood, fatigue, vivid an unpleasant dreams, oversleeping or problems sleeping, increased in appetite, and psychomotor retardation or agitation.
It is a very dangerous situation when someone says he or she is in cocaine addiction. It doesn’t just affect the user but also the people around him or her. It is best to contact the nearest treatment centers in your country to check the available options for recovery. This kind of drug addiction needs intensive and fast treatment. Who knows? The life you saved might be your own.
Drug addiction using cocaine is very potent since cocaine is known to be one of the most dangerous addictive substance.